Materials and Powder
Discovery of so many new materials in the recent years induces the desire to adapt them to increase the performance of existing devices and systems, as well as for new field of applications. The knowledge of the microstructure of these materials can help to understand their properties and the involved mechanisms. Furthermore, deposition of these materials as thin film or layers on various substrates necessary for many applications creates new problems concerning the surfaces and interfaces. Doping, intercalation, substituting or heterojunction are often necessary to increase the performance of the materials.